Biological models of addiction emphasize the importance of genetics and the biological forces of nature. These theories suggest that brain chemistry, brain structure, and genetic abnormalities cause human behavior. A person's unique biology, genes, age, gender, and other factors influence their risk of experimenting with drugs and becoming addicted. However, based on biological theories of addiction, we will analyze some of the biological effects of drug use and its effects on addiction.
This narrative review discusses the neurobiological mechanisms underlying substance abuse and addiction, with a particular emphasis on mechanisms that promote continued use and relapse. A substantial body of research evidence addresses four domains of potential biological influence on the development of substance use disorders and addiction. These include spiritualists and religious people (bad and amoral people become addicted), psychotherapists and traumatists (past unresolved trauma causes addiction), environmentalists and social scientists (external factors cause addiction) and neuroscientists and biologists (internal biochemical factors cause addiction) and neuroscientists and biologists (internal biochemical factors cause addiction) addiction) and neuroscientists and biologists (internal biochemical factors addiction). The biological basis of addiction helps explain why people need much more than good intentions or willpower to end their addictions.
Addiction is a chronic disorder with biological, psychological, social and environmental factors that influence its development and maintenance. At the same time, biological research has also resulted in effective pharmacological treatments (medications) that help people overcome their problems with alcohol and drug use, mental health problems and associated difficulties, such as cravings and withdrawal. With biological influences, each person's unique physical composition and genetics play a role in the development of addiction. Importantly, research has revealed that certain biological risk factors increase the chances of addictive outcomes, but no factor has been discovered that predicts addiction with certainty.
Looking at the genetic influences of addiction leads us to examine the biological influences of addiction. Neurobiology, the study of the structure and organization of neurons in functional circuits, provides a framework for understanding the neural circuits involved in addiction. Biology works together with many other factors to cause addiction, and treatment must cover all of those factors as well.