Once a theory has more work behind it and can offer more complete and richer explanations for addictive behavior, it becomes a behavioral model of addiction, the moral model. The 20th century witnessed serious scientific research on addiction and addictive behaviors. The two main models of addiction that emerged from discourse are contradictory, and the new theories bring us closer to a midpoint. These two models were the moral model and the disease model.
In response to the widespread idea of sinful addicts, the “disease of addiction” emerged, which lifted the burden of guilt on substance users. However, as the field of addiction increases, more models and studies on its effectiveness have emerged. Following an overview of historical models, we will discuss the most recent evolution of addiction models. One of the criticisms of the addiction model of brain diseases is that it does not reduce the moral stigma associated with addiction, but can instead add a new stigma by using the word illness.
This model takes into account the genetic and environmental factors that cause physical changes in the brain and significantly increases the basic understanding of addiction, which can lead to more accurate and effective treatment options. Addiction models convey the message that understanding the biological basis of addiction, together with the broader social and psychological aspects of addictive behavior, can lead to successful prevention and treatment responses. In addition to neurobiological changes, the addiction model of brain disease also points out that many genetic, environmental and social factors contribute to a person's vulnerability to starting to use drugs, continue to use drugs and undergo the progressive changes in the brain that characterize addiction. The brain disease addiction model has improved the understanding and treatment of substance use disorders.
Introduction When looking for the most appropriate alcohol or drug treatment program for a person who is deaf or hard of hearing, it is important that disability service providers, vocational rehabilitation counselors, doctors, family members, friends, or others involved in the search learn about the elements of the most common treatment models and quality programs. Drug rehabilitation and alcohol treatment in Canada have been heavily influenced by all of these diverse addiction models over the years. This was based on the disease model, which states that addicted people have no control over the substance and its addictive powers. Applying the harm reduction treatment model to the case study Sue chose the option of participating in a harm reduction program in response to the recommendation of her EAP counselor to attend outpatient chemical dependency treatment.