The diagnosis of substance abuse is given when a person’s recurrent use of a substance results in significant harmful consequences. Substance abuse contains four categories of harmful consequences . First, at an individual’s work, school, or home, responsibilities are failed to be fulfilled. He or she may fail to show up at work or for classes, having difficulties of concentrating and therefore perform poorly, and possibly even acquire the substance at work or at school. Second, the individual repeatedly uses the substance in situations in which it is physically hazardous to do so, such as while driving a car or a boat. Third, the individual continually has legal problems as a consequence of substance use, such as arrests for the ownership of illegal substances or for drunk driving. Fourth, the individual goes on to use the substance, even though he or she has repeatedly had social or legal problems as a result of the use. To be able to qualify for a diagnosis of substance abuse, a person has to show repeated problems in at least one of these categories within a 12 month period . For some people, the abuse of a particular group of substances evolves into dependence on those substances. In such cases, the diagnosis of substance dependence preempts the diagnosis of substance abuse, since dependence is considered a more advanced condition than abuse. However, there are those individuals that doesn’t become dependent despite years of abusing substances.
The way a substance is administered can be an important factor in determining how rapidly a person will become intoxicated and the likelihood that it will lead to substance abuse. A result of a more intense intoxication and a greater likelihood of dependence happens dependent upon the routes of administration that produce rapid and efficient absorption of the substance into the bloodstream . Substance injection, substance smoking, and substance snorting are usually how substances are taken in the body. Some substances work more rapidly on the central nervous system and, thus, lead to quicker intoxication; they are more likely to lead to dependence or abuse. Finally, substances whose effects wear off quickly are more likely to lead to dependence or abuse than are substances whose effects are longer-lasting.
The dangers of substance abuse and its negative consequences can be avoided by getting the addicted person to go through a drug rehab. Drug rehab is the best answer to the problems of substance abuse. You can always inquire in the hospital near you regarding drug rehab services and how they can help you.