Substance intoxication is a set of behavioral and psychological changes that occur as a direct result of the physiological effects of a substance on the central nervous system. When people are intoxicated, their perceptions change and they may see or hear strange things. Their attention is mostly diminished or they are easily distracted. Their good judgment is gone and they may be unable to “think straight.” Stumbling and slowing of reactions happen because they cannot anymore control their bodies. Hypersomnia or insomnia would then occur. Their interpersonal interactions change- they may become more outgoing than usual, more reserved, or more violent and impulsive. People begin to be intoxicated soon after they begin ingesting a substance, and the more they ingest, the more intoxicated they become. Intoxication begins to decline as the amount of substance in people’s blood or tissue declines, but the symptoms of intoxication may last for hours or days after the substance is no longer detectable in the body.
The type of symptoms people develop is often influenced by the setting in which the substance is taken. The nature of the intoxication as being maladaptive can be influenced by the environment in which people become intoxicated. People who takes in addictive substances only at home may be at less risk for causing harm to themselves or others than are people who typically takes it in at bars and drive home under the influence.
Most people have been intoxicated at sometime in their lives. The diagnosis of substance intoxication is given only when the behavioral and psychological changes the person experiences are significantly maladaptive in that they cause substantial disruption in the person’s social and family relationships, cause occupational or financial problems, or place the individual at significant risk for adverse effects, such as traffic accidents, severe medical complications, or legal problems.
Bigger problems may result from substance intoxication which makes the condition very dangerous. It is important when one starts to see signs that an individual is having substance intoxication, he or she should react quickly. One should be prepared to know about drug rehab when one wants to save that particular person from the dangers of substance intoxication . A drug rehab uses different kinds of methods to help get better from substance intoxication. One of these is the use of cognitive treatments. Cognitive treatments aid addicted individuals to clear out the individual’s way of thinking that substances will help them to cope better in any hard situations. Specialists would then confront these ways of thinking and help these individuals to change their cognitive visions about substances. Meanwhile, there is also called a behavioral treatment as part of a drug rehab. Behavioral treatment uses aversive classical conditioning to help substance intoxicated individuals to recover. Covert sensitization therapy is also part of behavioral way of treatment. In covert sensitization therapy, people are being used with imagery that will create a link to the thoughts of using substances and the high unpleasant outcome after using it. Also, there is also the process of biological treatment that prescribes a certain drug to counter the effects of the substance being used.
Getting to know substance intoxication and drug rehab is very important because if one is not properly informed, he or she may experience dangerous consequences as a result of an individual taking in addictive substances.