Cocaine is a white powder extracted from the coca plant and one of the most highly addictive substances known. There are different ways on how to use cocaine in order for its effects to be felt quickly. This includes snorting the powder and dissolving the powder in water then injecting it intravenously. During the 1970s, users developed a method for separating the most potent chemicals in cocaine by heating it with ether which paved its way for the appearance of freebase cocaine. This produced a cocaine base, or freebase, that is even more powerful. It is usually smoked in a water pipe or is combined in a tobacco or marijuana cigarette. Crack is a form of free-base cocaine that is boiled down into tiny chunks, or rocks, which are usually smoked.
Cocaine activates the ventral tegmental area and the nucleus accumbens, the areas of the brain that register reward and pleasure. The releasing of dopamine into the synapses in these areas of the brain and then binds to receptors on neighboring synapses happen when a pleasurable event happens. Cocaine blocks the reuptake of dopamine into the transmitting neuron, causing dopamine to accumulate in the synapse, maintaining the pleasurable feeling.
Feelings of great self-esteem, alertness, energy, and a general feeling of competence, creativity, and social acceptability happens after the initial sense of euphoria produced by the taken in of cocaine. The feeling of being drugged is not often felt. Instead, they feel they have become the people they always wanted to be. When taken at high doses or chronically, however, cocaine leads to grandiosity, impulsiveness, hypersexuality, compulsive behavior, agitation, and anxiety, reaching the point of panic and paranoia. Feelings of exhaustion and depression happens after stopping the use of the substance which is often followed by sleeping for long amounts of time. Users also feel an intense craving for more of the substance, both for its physiological and its psychological effects.
Sometimes, the use of cocaine starts from taking in a heavy dosage of alcohol and cannabis. The extraordinarily fast and strong effects of cocaine on the brain’s reward centers, however, seem to build this substance more likely than most illegitimate substances to result in patterns of abuse and dependence, even among people who have never been heavy users of any other substances.
The continued rise of different crimes has been often blamed on the using of cocaine. By letting the addict to go through a drug rehab, the problems brought about by cocaine addiction is slowly being rid. As cocaine addiction is on the rise, different drug rehab centers have been sprouting in order to help the cocaine problem. Several treatment and drug rehab programs have been established to be able provide help to those victims of cocaine dependency and addiction. These patients are provided with medical treatment as well as cognitive-behavioral therapies. However, the elimination of the taking in of drugs is not the only problem of cocaine addiction and dependency. The treatment goes further as teaching the patient a new life free from drugs. Other treatment programs include opening of old wounds that might have caused the addiction. This is attributed to the fact that there are cases wherein physical and sexual abuse have been associated to drug dependency. When people couldn’t seem to handle such stressful events, they tend to resort to certain behaviors that may allow them to escape the mere thought of the undesirable experience, which is craving for the euphoric feeling given by drugs.
Drug rehab is very potent to solve the problems of cocaine addiction.